‘Responsibility to Protect’ – The End of National Sovereignty as We Know it?


Why Did U.S. President Barack Obama order a military attack on Libya?  Why did he seek the permission of the United Nations Security Council, but not that of the U.S. Congress – as he is constitutionally obliged to do?

Glenn Beck has explained President Obama’s decision to attack Libya in terms of the  United Nations’ “Responsibility to Protect Doctrine”

Mr Beck is right.

According to Radio Free Europe

Those who justify the Libyan intervention on humanitarian grounds draw much of their logic from a concept which has dramatically gained ground over recent decades. The concept is known as “R2P,” shorthand for the world’s “Responsibility to Protect” civilians.

But what does this catchy little phrase mean? Where did it come from? What are its implications?

The United Nations reported in July 2009;

The Obama administration is supporting moves to implement a U.N. doctrine calling for collective military action to halt genocide. In a week-long debate on implementing the Responsibility to Protect Doctrine, the U.S. joined a majority of U.N. countries, including Russia and China, in supporting implementation of the policy. The doctrine itself was approved in 2005 by more than 150 states including the U.S.

The doctrine specifies that diplomatic options such as internal conflict resolution, sanctions and prosecution by the International Criminal Court, should be used first. If they don’t work, then a multi-national force approved by the Security Council would be deployed.

In other words, if the United Nations does not approve of a certain government’s behavior, and that government’s leaders  will not respond to sanctions and the threat of prosecution, they will be attacked militarily.

The U.S. organization supporting  this concept, named unsurprisingly Responsibility to Protect is  affiliated to a financial planning firm,   General Welfare Group LLC, based in Oak Brook Illinois.

According to the Responsibility to Protect website:

The doctrine of the responsibility to protect was first elaborated in 2001 by a group of prominent international human rights leaders comprising the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty. Under their mandate, the Commission sought to undertake the two-fold challenge of reconciling the international community’s responsibility to address massive violations of humanitarian norms and ensuring respect for the sovereign rights of nation states.

Led by Gareth Evans, former Foreign Minister of Australia, and Mohamed Sahnoun, Special Advisor to the UN Secretary-General, the Commission issued its report in December 2001. Focusing on the “right of humanitarian intervention,” this report examined when, if ever, it is appropriate for states to take coercive – and in particular military – action, against another state for the purpose of protecting populations at risk. In essence, the group concluded that when a group (or groups) of people is suffering from egregious acts of violence resulting from internal war, insurgency, repression or state failure, and the state where these crimes are taking place is unable or unwilling to act to prevent or protect its peoples, the international community has a moral duty to intervene to avert or halt these atrocities from occurring.

Gareth Evans, an Australian Fabian Socialist and Mohamed Sahnoun  both  worked with leftist financier  George Soros in the highly influential  International Crisis Group.

The “responsibility to protect” doctrine received renewed emphasis in 2004 when the United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan created the High-Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change. The Panel was established to “identify major threats facing the international community in the broad field of peace and security and to generate new ideas about policies and institutions aimed at preventing or confronting these challenges.”

Panelists included:

  • Mary Chinery-Hess (Ghana), Vice-Chairman, National Development Planning Commission of Ghana and former Deputy Director-General, International Labour Organization;
  • Gareth Evans (Australia), President of the  International Crisis Group  and former Minister for Foreign Affairs of Australia;
  • Amre Moussa (Egypt), Secretary-General of the League of Arab States;
  • Yevgeny Primakov (Russia), former Prime Minister of the Russian Federation;
  • Qian Oichen (China), former Vice Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China;
  • Nafis Sadik (Pakistan), former Executive Director of the United Nations Population Fund;
  • Salim Ahmed Salim (United Republic of Tanzania), former Secretary-General of the Organization of African Unity; and
  • Brent Snowcroft (United States), former Lt. General in the United States Air Force and United States National Security Adviser.

With respect to “Responsibility to Protect,” the Panel endorsed this “emerging norm,” stating that:

There is a growing recognition that the issue is not the “right to intervene” of any State, but the “responsibility to protect”  of every State when it comes to people suffering from avoidable catastrophe mass murder and rape, ethnic cleansing by forcible expulsion and terror, and deliberate starvation and exposure to disease. And there is a growing acceptance that while sovereign Governments have the primary responsibility to protect their own citizens from such catastrophes, when they are unable or unwilling to do so that responsibility should be taken up by the wider international community…

We endorse the emerging norm that there is a collective international responsibility to protect, exercisable by the Security Council authorizing military intervention as a last resort, in the event of genocide and other large scale killing, ethnic cleansing or serious violations of international humanitarian law which sovereign Governments have proved powerless or unwilling to prevent.”

In September 2005, “Responsibility to Protect” “was once again enlivened,” this time with the “full support of the international community.” At the 60th session of the U.N. General Assembly gathering, 191 heads of state and government representatives unanimously endorsed a resolution supporting the Responsibility to Protect doctrine. This resolution laid the foundations for a new global moral compact between every State and every population on earth. As adopted, atrocity crimes “genocide, crimes against humanity (including ethnic cleansing) and war crimes” – were considered a universal concern and therefore were responsibility of the international community.

During the 2005 General Assembly World Summit, world leaders stated:

Each and individual State has the responsibility to protect its populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity. This responsibility entails the prevention of such crimes, including their incitement, through appropriate and necessary means. We accept that responsibility and will act in accordance with it. The international community should, as appropriate, encourage and help States to exercise this responsibility and support the United Nations in establishing an early warning capability.

The international community, through the United Nations, also has the responsibility to use appropriate diplomatic, humanitarian and other peaceful means, in accordance with Chapters VI and VIII of the Charter, to help protect populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity. In this context, we are prepared to take collective action, in a timely and decisive manner, through the Security Council, in accordance with the Charter, including Chapter VII, on a case-by-case basis and in cooperation with relevant regional organizations as appropriate, should peaceful means be inadequate and national authorities are manifestly failing to protect their populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity.

The support of the U.S. was of course crucial for this radical new approach to international relations. The U.S. under President George Bush would not even sign up to the International Criminal Court, a key component of the proposed new order.

Therefore the U.S. Responsibility to Protect organization re-committed itself to its  goals.  The mission of Responsibility to Protect is:

  • To convince the American people and its leaders to embrace the norm of the responsibility to protect as a domestic and foreign policy priority
  • To convince our political leadership that the US must join the International Criminal Court;
  • To convince our political leadership to empower the UN and the ICC with a legitimate and effective deterrent and enforcement mechanism – an International Marshals Service – a standing international police force to arrest atrocity crimes indictees.

Responsibility to Protect knew they would get nowhere under Bush,  but viewed the 2008 elections as an opportunity for change.

The upcoming 2008 presidential election and the general debate that will precede provide an opportunity to bring this new norm in the public and leaders’ discourse over America’s domestic and foreign policy, and to get our nation to take the necessary bold steps that are called for to implement this bold principle.

Clearly, the Obama Administration has proven far more sympathetic to Responsibility to Protect’s agenda than was that of President Bush.

While few seem to realize  the significance of the new doctrine, Responsibility to Protect convener Richard H. Cooper fully understands its transformational potential.

Cooper writes on the Responsibility to Protect   website:

Yet as I write, a quiet revolution is under way. In September 2005, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a declaration – the World Summit Outcome – whereby each and every State in the world accepted its responsibility to protect populations from genocide, crimes against humanity, ethnic cleansing and war crimes. The declaration also emphasizes that if a State relinquishes its responsibility to protect – whether by will or lack of capacity – this responsibility must be borne by the international community that can decide to intervene as a last resort. In the face of mass atrocities, every nation and thus every people on earth have pledged to be our brothers’ keepers. Without fanfare and with little notice, the obsolete principles underlying the Westphalian ordering of world affairs have been dramatically rewritten. We can no longer hide behind State sovereignty, a 400-years old shield, to excuse the shameful reflex and ongoing practice of remaining passive in the face of the most outrageous behaviors…

We can no longer hide behind state sovereignty.

Let that sink in  reader. That is what this is all about.

“Responsibility to Protect” means the  end of national sovereignty.  It mandates the surrender of any nation state’s legal authority over their own citizenry and armed forces to a supra-national body, with the power to sanction or destroy any deemed “rogue” nation – does Israel spring  to mind?

“Responsibility to Protect” – three little words, that should strike terror into the heart of every patriot in every free nation of the world.


Trevor Loudon, top researcher of the global neo-Marxist movement, administrates KeyWiki and NewZeal.

Mr. Loudon’s Obama Files articles are also listed at NewZeal.


  1. This is what I have been saying all along: “The Obama Regime was put into place to Topple the USA and to Hand Over Our Sovereignty to the United Nations or the New World Order of Communists.. We cannot allow this to stand, and Obama must be Impeached and Ousted from Power for Following Orders from the United Nations with no regard for the U.S. Constitution. The United States Constitution and our Country Will Never Be Subservient to the United Nations. We, the People, must not allow that to happen.

  2. The So-Called Political Experts and So-Called Architects are out in full force trying to convince us that some candidates such as Donald Trump are Un-Electable, and the reason that they are out in full force telling us this is that these so-called Experts do not want anybody in the Game that Will Not Play Along With the Establishment Democrat-Republican Dog and Pony Show that the Establishment Plays out on Us Each and Every Day. Trump is not one of their Dogs or Ponies and that is why they are trying to Herd The People Away From Supporting or even Listening To Him. Trump is Yanking the Clothes Off The Democrat-Republican Dog and Pony Show and the Talking Heads Are Working Over Time To Shut Him Up or to discredit him. Do not listen to the Establshment Puppets at Fox or anyother media outlet. Make up your own minds by listening to Trump and checking out the Facts he presents, and stop letting somebody else telll you what he says and what he meant. The RINOS are counting on you folks to continue to be Puppets and Sheep just like they are Puppets of their Puppet Masters who are basically the same Puppet Masters that Give Marching Orders and Dictates to the Democrats.

    Already the RINO Experts are trying to tell us “Who cannot be elected and then pontificating on and on as to why they are Un-Electable and always giving the appearance as if they see all and know all.” All that these so-called Expert Talking Heads are doing is trying to Brainwash Us Into Selecting And Electing The Establishment RINO candidate of the Establishment’s Choosing.

    While some of the TV and Radio Talking Heads give lip service support to the TEA Party Movement, they are still quick to say, “Well this candidate or that candidate CAN’T Win.” And, then they turn around and tell us “Who can win.” And, of course, the one’s they say “Can Win” are always the Establishment Rinos, and they bring on Karl Rove to drive the debate and discussion to one of the Hand Picked Rino Puppets. And, then of course, we have that pompous Obama Apologist O’Reilly telling us Absolutely Who Cannot Be Elected who then says, “You can bet on it.” Well, The Talking Heads that we have listened to are the Hired Hand Puppets of the RINO Establishment who are not a whole lot different from the Democrat Establishment.

    It is time to stop listening to the Experts that Hannity and others bring on to interview who “Keep Telling Us Who Cannot Be Elected.” We listened to this Tripe in 2008 and now have a Communist Occupying the White House because they Hand Picked McCain which drove many people either Away from the Polls at All, or Drove Them To Obama who at least did not Kiss McCain’s butt during the campaign. Hell, if you listened to McCain’s adoration of Obama during the campaign, you would have thought McCain was Campaigning For Obama, which, in actuality, he was? (Figure that one out.)

    And, as far as Hannity goes, he is even doing Road Shows in so-called Debates with Hate-Mongering Louis B. Farakhan, and enriching himself and Farakhan as folks have to pay for Tickets To See This Dog and Pony Show as Hannity Hypes Himself as well as Giving Farakhan A Platform as well.

    In fact, Farakhan has become a Paid Regular over at FOX, the Fair and Balanced Propaganda Network.

    We have to stop Listening to Talking Heads such as Hannity and O’Reilly and Their So Called Panel Of Experts and Start Using Our Own Heads and Ask the Question, “Who will Stand Up and Defend The United States of America and the U.S. Constitution and Who Will Stand UP and Represent The Interests of the Family Structure, Small Businesses, and the honest hard working tax payers of this great nation. And, who will Stand Up and Say, “Down with Communism” which means “Down with the Majority of the United States Government’s Bureaucracy and the Agencies, Departments, Bureaus, Commissions and Czars in every form.”

    Abolishing U.S. Government Agencies is not only the right thing to do, but it is the only way we save our country. Government Agencies are granted powers by Presidents to do things that congress could never get by with such as EPA has the power to Shut Down Oil Drilling and to Impose Cap And Tax through the Back Door. Cap and Tax is a United Nations Scam and the USA and our so-called leaders such as Obama, are now taking their Directives and Orders from the United Nations. The recent attack on Libya was ordered by Obama after he received his Orders from the United Nations, totally Side-Stepping the Congress and the United States Constitution. It is time to End The Anarchy In the Federal Government beginning with Holding Obama and Congress Responsible and Demanding Answers As to Why They Are No Longer Abiding by the United States Constitution and Why They are Not Listening to The Voices of The People of this Great Nation and Why They Continue to Govern Against The Best Interests of the United States of America?

    So, the next time you hear a Radio or TV Talking Head tell you Who Can and Cannot Be Elected, ask yourself Who Are These Talking Heads Really Working For?

    Donald Trump Is Electable and Don’t Let None of The RINO Experts on TV and Radio Tell You Otherwise. The Talking Heads are trying to Con Us Into Selecting Another Mealy Mouthed and Duplicitous RINO in 2012 of the sort they Herded and Promoted In 2008 when we wound up with McCain, the Obama Cheer Leader, as our candidate.

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